By Taiwo Babatunde and Fawaz Adebisi.
Some of these claims were analyzed by the Coalition of Nigerian Fact-checkers and a verdict was given. We did a compilation of some of the claims, the findings and the verdicts.
Omoyele Sowore In View
Omoyele Sowore is a Nigerian human rights activist and pro-democracy campaigner, known for founding the online news agency Sahara Reporters. In 2018, he founded the African Action Congress party and ran as its presidential candidate in the 2019 Nigerian general election. Sowore is also running for president in the 2023 Nigerian general election.
Here are the top findings.
CLAIM: Mr Sowore, the presidential candidate of the AAC claimed that based on official figures, oil companies owe Nigeria $6.4billion
FINDINGS: News reports by ThisDay and The Cable in September 2022 quoted Ogbonnaya Orji, the Executive Secretary and National Coordinator of the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI), as saying the outstanding taxes and fees from the oil companies as of March 2022 is $2.674 billion, not $6.4billion which was the figure in 2019.
CLAIM: Mr Sowore said all countries that are doing well economically, their citizens usually don’t use guns.
FINDINGS: We used two countries with high GDP per capita to fact-check this claim. For instance, the US has a GDP per capita of $69,287, it has a gun per citizen rate of 120.5 per 100 people.
Canada has a GDP per capita of $52,051 and a gun per citizen rate of 34.7 citizens per 100 persons.
On the other hand, Nigeria’s GDP per Capita is $2,085, and has a gun per citizen rate of 3.2 per 100 persons.
SOURCE: World Bank
In a follow-up comment, he said he meant that prosperous countries do not need arms to ensure security and that the United States should not be used as a measure of prosperity.
CLAIM: Mr Sowore said that Lake Chad shrunk to 10 percent of its original size
SOURCE: European Space Agency, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).
CLAIM: Mr Sowore said Nigeria has “more women qualified to vote than men.”
FINDINGS: News reports by ICIR Nigeria on the 2nd of July 2022 and recently by the Punch on the 2nd of August 2022 show that there are more women than men who have been registered by INEC to vote in the 2023 elections.
SOURCE: The ICIR and Punch, referencing INEC
EDITOR’s NOTE: These fact-checks were done by the coalition of Nigerian fact-checkers during the live presidential debate. ROUNDCHECK only did this compilation and reproduced for publication.